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India At A Glance

Freeindia > India At A Glance > General Information
General Information

846 million (1991 Census)

3.3 million square kilometers

Geographical location
Lies between latitudes 8 4' and 37 6 ' north and longitudes 68 7 ' and 97 25' east.

Coastline length
7,600 km

17 major languages, 844 dialects

Major religions
Hinduism (Buddhism, Sikhism, Jainism) , Islam, Christianity.

National Anthem
Jan gana mana written by Rabindranath Tagore.
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National Emblem

Replica of the Lion Capital of Sarnath.
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National Flag

Horizontal tricolor in equal proportion of deep saffron on the top, white in the middle and dark green at the bottom. In the center of the white band is a wheel in navy blue colour.
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National Animal

Tiger, Panthera tigris.
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National Bird

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National Tree

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National Fruit

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National currency
Rupees (One Rupee =100 paise) Freeindia > India At A Glance > Political Structure
Political Structure

Sovereign, Socialist, Secular, Democratic Republic.

The Indian Union
26 States and six centrally administered Union Territories.

Form of government
Parliamentary, based on universal adult franchise.

Parliament, consists of President and the two Houses, known as Rajya Sabha (Council of States) and Lok Sabha (House of the People ).

Consists of President, Vice-President and Council of Ministers led by the Prime Minister.

Independent of executive. Freeindia > India At A Glance > Economic Indicators
Economic Indicators

Growth of exports
28.8 per cent in 1995-96

Power generation
414.1 billion kilo-watt hour in 1995-96

Coal production
270 million tonnes in 1995-96

Crude oil production
35.2 million tonnes in 1995-96

Railway passenger traffic
3,915 million in 1994-95

Railway freight traffic
382 million tonnes in 1994-95

Total road length
2.04 million km in 1995

Telephone connections 10.5 million in 1994-95

Iron ore export
26.0 million tonnes in 1994-95

Exports of electronics, computer software
Rs 24,340 million in 1994-95

Exports of decentralised cotton cloth
949 million sq. meters in 1994-95

Foodgrains production
191.1 million tonnes in 1994-95

Sugarcane production
258.4 million tonnes in 1994-95

Cotton production
12.1 million bales in 1994-95

Oil seed production
21.4 million tonnes in 1994-95

Cement production
62.4 million tonnes in 1994-95

Nitrogenous fertilizer production
7.95 million tonnes in 1994-95

Nuclear energy generation
8 billion kilo-watt hour in 1994-95

Adopted from the Govt. of India Web Site

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Published on: 2003-01-21 (34657 reads)

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