In Delhi, Chandrasekhar Azad, a young revolutionary, was introduced to Bhagat Singh. It
was as if fire and wind were united. The activities of the revolutionaries gained new
strength. Bhagat Singh removed his beard and had a closer crop, so that the police might
not recognize him. All these days he had been a hero of the Sikhs; he now became a
There was a revolutionary party called the 'Hindustan Prajatantra Sangha' (The Indian
Republic Party). The name was changed to 'Hindustan Samajvadi Prajatantra Sangha' (The
Indian Socialist Republican Party). Its aim was to establish a republic in India by means
of an armed revolution.
When a bomb is thrown to the ground, it explodes causing a deafening sound, and destroys
everything near-by. The revolutionaries needed any number of bombs to drive out the
British. But where could they get them? Bhagat Singh went to Calcutta to learn to make
bombs. There he
bought as many bombs as he needed. He also learnt from Jatindranath Das, a revolutionary,
how to make bombs.
The revolutionaries set up a factory secretly at Agra to make bombs. But how could they
get the money they needed? Sometimes for three days together they lived only on a cup of
tea. They did not have beds or rugs though it was biting cold. They were starving. And all
the while the thought of the police plagued them. In the midst of all this they went on
with their sacred work. And, for money they would sometimes loot government off ices.
At last they could make bombs. The bombs were tested at Jhansi Fort. The test was a
In February 1928, a committee from England visited India. It came to be known as the Simon
Commission. The purpose of its visit was to decide how much freedom and responsibility
could be given to the people of India. But there was no Indian on the committee. Naturally
Indians were very angry. They decided to make it
impossible for the Commission to work. They decided to drive it back to England. Wherever
the committee went, people protested with black flags, shouting "Simon, go
When the Simon Commission reached Lahore in October, it had to face a big procession
opposed to it.'Naujavan Bharat Sabha' arranged the procession. Thousands of people took
part in it. Its leader was the elderly patriot, Lala Lajpat Ray. Trouble started near the
railway station itself. The revolutionaries did not allow the Simon Commission to proceed.
The police could not protect the members. By that time, the Police Superintendent, one
Scott by name, ordered a lathicharge. The police began to beat people with heavy sticks.
People started running. But Lajpat Ray and his companions did not move.
A police officer by name Saunders
rushed forward and hit Lajpat Ray on the chest. It was a powerful blow. Lajpat Ray was old
and he was ill. The blow brought him death. He suffered for a month and died.
In his death, the revolutionaries suffered a heavy loss. They
decided that they should take revenge and that they should kill Scott who ordered the
lathi-charge. They thought of a plan. A revolutionary by name Jaya- gopal was to observe
Scott's movements. Bhagat Singh and Rajguru were to shoot him. They had to plan carefully
their escape. So much was planned under the leadership of Chandrasekhara Azad.
But in the beginning itself, a small mistake was committed. Jayagopal mistook Saunders for
The appointed day came. That evening Saunders came out of the police station and got on
his motor bicycle. Jayagopal who was behind made a sign. Bhagat Singh and Rajguru were
waiting on the way. As the motor bicycle neared Rajguru shot at Saunders from his pistol.
At once Bhagat Singh also fired. A bullet struck the
chest of the man who had struck Lajpat Ray's chest with a heavy stick; Saunders fell down
dead. Bhagat Singh and Rajguru ran away. The police chased them. Both of them rushed into
a lodge near-by. Then they escaped from the place.
The whole city was filled with the news of Saunders' murder. The police spies began a
search for the murderers all over the city.
Next day posters appeared on the walls in all the streets of Lahore. They declared,
"Lala Lajpat Ray's death is avenged. Saunders has been murdered." Besides, there
were some words of caution addressed to the Government. The posters also contained the
name of The Hindustan Samajvadi Prajatantra Sena (The Indian Socialist Republican Army) in
red letters. So every one could know who were behind the murder of Saunders, The people's
respect for the Kranti Dal grew. Saunders' murder shook the British Government.
Bhagat Singh, Rajguru and Chandra sekhara Azad all three escaped from Lahore. Bhagat Singh
dressed himself as a foreign youth and wore a hat. Durga Bhabhi, the wife of a
revolutionary by name
Bhagavaticharan, and their child followed Bhagat Singh, so that people would think they
were Bhagat Singh's wife and child. These three traveled by train in a first class
compartment. Rajguru left the place disguised as an ordinary worker. Azad traveled as a
pundit (scholar). The railway station was filled with eagle-eyed spies; but all the three