It was the last part of the 18th
century. Foreigners had invaded India again and again and India has suffered at their
hands for centuries. The rule of the Muslims, which had lasted 800 years, was coming to an
end. India was filled with poverty and ignorance. The English who came to India for trade
gradually conquered kingdoms. Many Indians did not understand their own great religion and
culture. There were many castes and creeds. The glorious tradition of Vedic times was like
a mirror covered with dust. All round, there was the darkness of ignorance. It was at such
a time that Raja Rammohan Roy was born.
Radhanagar is a village in the District of Murshidabad in Bengal; Rammohan was born in
this village on the 22nd of May 1772. His father was Ramakanto Roy, an orthodox
Rammohans parents were devoted to God. They had great faith in their religion.
They performed strictly the duties set down by their religion.
Rammohan was very much devoted to Lord Vishnu. Everyday he would not put down the
Bhagavantha without completing the reading of Valmiki Ramayana. But when he
came to know that his mother also was fasting, he had his food for her sake. In his 14th
year he was about to become a monk. But his mother came in his way.