Some big nations feared that, if India won
a total victory over Pakistan, it would lower their prestige. The Security Council of the
United Nations Organization called on India and Pakistan to stop fighting.
On the invitation of Kosygin, the Premier of Soviet Russia, Lal Bahadur Shastri and
Ayub Khan met in Tashkent on January 4, 1966. The leaders agreed that their armies should
withdraw to the old Cease-fire Line in Kashmir and that the two countries should live in
peace and friendship.
Many people in India felt that we should not return the territory taken from Pakistan-
occupied Kashmir. They argued that the entire Kashmir belonged to India. But Shastriji
wished to give one more chance to Pakistan to live in peace and friendship with India. So
he signed the treaty of friendship.