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Abanindranath Tagore

Nandalal tried unceasingly to learn topaint. From his cousin Atul Mitra he learnt model-drawings, still-life and sauce painting. He copied the paintings of European masters. One such painting was Raphael's 'Madonna'. At this time Nandalal was also enthusiastic about Raja Ravi Varma's paintings. One of Nandalal's original paintings, 'Mahasveta', shows the influence of Ravi Varma. When he was yet feeling his way, Abanindranath's paintings like 'Buddha'and 'Sujata' and 'Bajra-Mukut' suddenly lit up his path. Nandalal was overjoyed; and he recognized his Guru (the Master) in Abanindranath.

Abanindranath was the brother of the poet Rabindranath Tagore. He had devoted his life to painting and he was the Guru to a number of artists He was the Vice-Principal of the Government Art School and was working under E. B. Havell. Havell had earned a good name as the Principal of Government Art School in Madras. He had shown great interest in the handloom industry and had helped in its revival. After he came to Calcutta he replaced the European paintings on the school walls with Mogul and Rajput paintings. He started a department of fine arts and invited artists from all over India. He made stencil cutting and origami (the art of folding paper) compulsory for all students. He invited well-known artists and made it possible for the students to meet them.

Havell freed Abanindranath from European influences. He drew his attention to Moghul and Rajput styles. The influence of these styles can be seen in his later work. Later on, Abanindranath learnt about Japanese art from Okakura. Okakura was a great Japanese artist and art-critic who had come to India with Swami Vivekananda. Okakura declared that the spirit of a nation expresses itself in its art. He also said that from the point of view of art, all Asia is one. After he returned to Japan, Okakura sent to India two other Japanese artists, Taikoan and Hilsida. Abanindranath studied Japanese art under their guidance.

Abanindranath, who had a large number of students, has a high place in the renaissance of Indian painting. What Swami Vivekananda was to Ramakrishna, Nandalal Bose was to Abanindranath Tagore.

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Nandalal Bose - A Celebrated painter Of Modern India
About Nandalal Bose
Loveliness All Round
The Influence Of Parents
The Boy Artist
Nandalal As A  Student
In Calcutta
You are Here! Abanindranath Tagore
Meeting The Guru
'I'll Take Care Of Him'
Flowering Of The Genius
Sister Nivedita
Indian Tour
Abanindranath's Companion
Many-Sided Development Of The Artist's Life
Travel Abroad
With Gandhiji
The Gratitude Of The People
Gentle Humour
A Great Personality
Deathless Creation
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