Ambedkar had personal experience of the humiliation and the
injustice of untouchability. He did not want the pity of other for the
untouchables. In his view, others could not uplift the
untouchables. Justice cannot be granted by others. Those who suffer because of
injustice should themselves secure justice.
Ambedkar felt that the untouchales had lost their individuality for
centuries; it was impossible to wake up such people through speeches and slogans. He
decided to revolt against the blind beliefs of the Hindus. The Chowdar Tank Satyagraha was
a result of this decision.
The Bombay Legislature had already passed a bill. According to this, the government had
decided that all could use public tanks to wells. On the basis of this decision, the Mahad
Municipality in colaba district had resolved that Chowdar Tank could be used even by the
untouchables. But they had not given effect to it.
Ambedkar resolved to raise the flag of equality by using the water of this tank.
On the appointed day Ambedkar touched the water first. Then, many of his followers
drank the water. Till then the untouchables had not been allowed to go near
the tank. Ambedkar proved that water created by God belonged to all.
But after a couple of hours some one spread the rumour that Ambedkars men would
enter even the Veereshwara Temple. The other Hindus attacked Ambedkar and his men. In this
clash, Ambedkar was injured.
This incident opened a new chapter in the social life of India. Many sensible Hindus
condemned these actions. They began to say that there is nothing wrong in the
untouchalbes taking water from wells and tanks.