Soon after the framing of
the Constitution, Ambedkars mind turned towards Buddha. His mind was thirsting for
peace and justice. He attended the Buddist Conference in Ceylon(Sree Lanka) in 1950.
The bitterness of his mind was ever on the increase. In spite of it, he was not willing
to embrace the Christian or the Muslim faith.
Finally, Ambedkar decided to become a Buddhist.
This was a great decision in his life, a decision taken after deep thought.
Why did he choose Buddhism?
Ambedkar told his friend Dattopant Thengadi: " I am in the evening of my life.
There is an onslaught of ideas on our people from different countries from the four
corners of the world. In this flood our people may be confused. There are strong attempts
to separate the people struggling hard, from the main life-stream of this country and to
attract them towards other countries. This tendency is fast growing. Even some of my
colleagues who are disgusted with untouchability, proverty and inequality are
ready to be washed away by this flood. What about the others? They should not move away
from the main stream of the nations life; and I must show them the way. At the same
time, we have to make some changes in the economic and political life. That is way I have
decided to follow Buddhism."
There is a way of life which has come down as a steady stream in India for thousand of
years. Buddhism is not opposed to it. The backward people must rebel against the injustice
done to them; they must wipe it out. But untouchability is a problem of the
Hindu Scoiety. To solve this, a path which does not harm the culture and the history of
Bharat must be followed. This is the basis of his resolution.
He did not believe in the theory that Aryans came from a different land and that they
defeated the Dasyus (the Dravidians) of this country. There is no foundation for
this in the Vedas. The word Arya appears some 33 or 34 times in the Vedas. The
word has been used as an adjective meaning the noble or the elder.
It is said in the Mahabharata that Dasyus can be found in all
varnas (castes) andashramas (stage of life). In this way Ambedkar
used to support this view.
On 14th Octover 1956 at a big function in Nagpur, Ambedkar, with his wife,