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Freeindia > Biographies > Great Kings And Queens > Salivahana

Pulumayi Shalivahana, a king of the Satavahana or Shalivahana dynasty whose victory over the Shakas has been commemorated in the institution of the Shalivahana Shaka Samvat ( calendar ) which is accepted in India even these days, ascended the ancestral throne in Kaliyuga's year 3179 ( 78 A.D. ). Dhanakataka ( Dharanikota ) was the capital city - situated in district Guntur of the Andhra Pradesh - of the ancient kingdom of the Satavahanas extended mainly in the area between the rivers Krishna and Godavari. The dynasty had as many as 30 kings, two of them, one, Shalivahana and the other Gautamiputra, are well known. Shalivahana's victory over the Shakas, mentioned above, has been the one where in he defeated the Shaka Ksatrapa ( Governor ) whose rule was extended enough to cover the whole of Maharashtra. Apart from introducing the Samvat, on the occasion he also changed his capital city from Dhanakataka to a new-built one at Pratisthanapura ( Paithan ) on the bank of river Godavari.

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Published on: 2003-02-01 (4956 reads)

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