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Freeindia > Biographies > Great Kings And Queens > Sailendra

Extant in Kaliyuga's 38th ( i.e. 7th of the Christian era ) century of the Banapura ( a place in the Puri district of Utkal Pradesh ) dynasty, Shailendra had been a great emperor endowed with dignity, glory and renown who extended his empire upto Burma ( now Myanmar ) and the Golden Island ( Suvarna Dveepa, in fact a group of islands including Malayesia, Indonesia etc.) outside India. For seven hundred years, the rulers of the Shailendra's family protected and developed Sanatana (Hindu) Dharma and Sanskriti (culture) in the area they ruled over, especially in Suvarnadveep. In Java and Sumatra the temples they got constructed are still standing as an evidence of the glorious culture they developed there. The kings of Shailendra's family also developed trade-through boats and ships.

Borobudur temple in Indonesia was built by the descendants of Sailendra. The structure is massive, and covers an entire volcanic hill. It was built by the Sailendra kings of the area about 800 AD. Later, the people of Java turned back to Hinduism, and then again embraced Islam a few centuries later. Today most of the local residents are Muslims. During the early years of the Christian era Indonesia became increasingly influenced by Indian civilization and culture. Hindu and Buddhist kingdoms grew up in Java, Sumatra and Kalimantan (Borneo). In the 6th and 7th centuries A.D. the great trading empire of Srivijaya, with a powerful centre at Palembang in eastern Sumatra, dominated the Malay Peninsula and much of the Indonesian Archipelago. A hundred years later a royal dynasty known as Sailendra, the 'Lords of the Mountain', rose to power in Central Java and built, among other monuments, the magnificent Buddhist temple of Borobudur, which has often been hailed as the eighth wonder of the world, In East Java, too, there is material evidence of Indianized civilization from this early date. The remains of the temples of Badut and Songgoriti, near Malang, are considered to have belonged to the eighth century kingdom of Kanjuruhan, thus making them about the same age as the earliest temples of Central Java. Today, one of the city of Malang's well known universities is named after Kanjuruhan's most famous king, Gajayana.

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Published on: 2003-02-01 (4300 reads)

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