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Dr.C.V.Raman Vikrama Sarabhai

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Dr.P.C.RAY

Why Should Our Patients Depend On Other Countries?

Eighty-five years ago Prafulla Chandra came to realize that the progress of India was linked with industrialization. Without this there could be no salvation. Even drugs for Indian patients had to come from foreign countries at that time. This put money into the pockets of the merchants of those countries. This had to be stopped. Drugs had to be manufactured in India. Prafulla Chandra wanted a beginning to be made at once.

But who was to do it?

Prafulla Chandra was not rich. The family estates had been sold to pay his father's
debts. Prafulla Chandra's salary was also meager. Still he ventured upon this pioneering attempt. He prepared some chemicals at home. His work grew so fast that a separate company had to be formed.

But he needed capital - a capital of only eight hundred rupees. But it became difficult to raise even this small amount.

In spite of all these difficulties he founded 'The Bengal Chemical and Pharmaceutical
Works'.

In 1894 his father died. This was a great blow to Prafulla Chandra. The father was still in debts and thousands of rupees were needed. Only a small part of the property remained. Even this was sold, so that the debts could be repaid.

Prafulla Chandra bravely continued to run the new factory. At first it was difficult to sell the chemicals made there. They could not compete with the imported materials. But some friends, chiefly Dr. Amulya Charan Bose, supported his venture. Dr. Bose was a leading medical practitioner and he enlisted the support of many other doctors. They, too, started using the chemicals made by the new Indian firm. Many graduates in Chemistry joined the staff of the factory and worked hard for its improvement. Bengal Chemical became a famous factory. But Dr. Bose died suddenly in 1898 owing to an attack of Plague. His brother-in-law Satish Chandra Sinha, who was an enthusiastic chemist in the firm, died of accidental poisoning in the- laboratory. Thus one blow followed another and Prafulla Chandra was very unhappy. The entire responsibility of the factory fell on his shoulders. Still he faced everything with courage.

This achievement itself was admirable, but. Prafulla Chandra's contribution to Indian industry was even greater. Directly or indirectly he helped to start many other factories. Textile mills, soap factories, sugar factories, chemical industries, ceramic factories and publishing houses were set up at the time with his active co-operation. He was the driving force behind the industrialization of the country, which began at that time.

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Prafulla Chandra ventured to prepare chemicals at home
About Dr.P.C.Ray
Introduction
The Disappearance Of A Treasure
Harish Chandra, The Father
Interruptions In Education
The Gilchrist Prize
In England
For His Country
The Professor - Scientist
You are Here! Why Should Our Patients Depend On Other Countries?
Scientist - Author
A 'Doctor Of Floods'
For The Sake Of Science
A Great Scientist A Great Man
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