|Sages,Rushis & Saints
|Biographies of Great
Indians & Hindus
of Earlier Birth
It is said that Narada himself once told the story of his birth.
The great sage Vedavyasa divided the Vedas into four branches - Rig, Yajur, Sama and
Atharvana. Vedavyasa felt that common people could not comprehend the Vedas, and therefore
wrote the Puranas which explained the meaning of the Vedas. He also wrote theMahabharata;
he brought out the essence of the Upanishads in a chapter called 'Bhagavad Gita' using
very simple language.
The great sage was not satisfied even with such wonderful writings meant for the good of
humanity. He was somehow convinced that there was yet one more work to be carried out by
him for thebenefit of humanity. A worried Vedavyasa was once sitting on the banks of the
river Saraswati. Narada came there.
Narada knew what was worrying the sage Vyasa. He said: "Great sage, you have done so
much for the welfare of humanity. And yet you are not satisfied. It is because none of
your writings thoroughly describes the glory of Lord Narayana. You have not adequately
brought out the greatness of
devotion. In the coming Kaliyuga people will not live for as long a period as in the
present era. For them it will be a tough task to acquire spiritual knowledge. The best way
for them will be the Path of Bhakti or Devotion. You must write a book, which will
describe the glory of the Lord and the
greatness of Bhakti. Only then will you find peace. The company of good men generates
Bhakti. 0 sage Vyasa, words fail to describe the all-pervasive influence of good men and
their devotion towards God. I was once a very ordinary man. But today I am revered as
Saint Narada. I owe
this entirely to the company of great men; to the devotion I have towards God."
Sage Vyasa was dumb-founded. Is it ever possible that this universally respected
'Devarshi'was once upon a time an ordinary man? A baffled Vyasa
stared at Narada in wonder. Narada.could read his mind. So he explained: "0 Vyasa, I
was once an angel. I was called Upabarhana. I was an expert in music and I was handsome to
look at, too. Once Dakshabrahma decided to perform a sacrifice. He arranged a big
function. I sang devotional songs on that occasion. But I was not concentrating; my
attention was diverted towards the apsaras (heavenly damsels). Dakshabrahma was upset by
my behavior. He turned towards me and cursed me, 'You lecherous gandharva! Let the devil
take away your entire Knowledge and spiritual splendor.
You don't deserve to live in Heaven. May you be born as a little, despicable human being
"I came to my senses only after I had heard the dreadful curse. I begged for his
forgiveness. Daksha then said: 'do not lament, 0 Upabarhana. You will be blessed by the
company of good men.' 0 Vyasa, it was owing to that curse that I was born to a
"Later, my mother started working as a servant-maid in an ashram. I was a little boy
then. The rainy season came. Some sannyasins came to the ashram and stayed there. They
were learned men and great devotees of God. Every day they conducted prayer meetings in
which they sang the glory of Lord Narayana. Their preaching changed my very behavior. I
became increasingly attracted to their preaching as days passed. Gradually I
became more and more devoted to God. The sages began to like me. They would offer me fruit
and speak to me with much warmth. I carried out devotedly whatever work they assigned to
"The rainy season came to an end. The sages prepared to leave for another place. I
felt very sad. The kind sages understood my feelings and consoled me. 'Do not worry. Have
trust in God and be always eager to realize Him. Do not while away your time on earth.
This world is a creation of God and it finds its ultimate fulfillment in Him. Not a straw
moves without the will of God. Keep repeating with whole-hearted devotion the mantra 'Om
namo bhagavate vasudevaya'and you will be blessed.' Having uttered this benediction, the
sages went away."
"The departure of the sages made me sad beyond words. I spent all my time thinking
"Days passed. One day my mother died bitten by a snake. I placed all my trust in God
and headed northwards. I had no particular destination. After
a great deal of wandering, I came to a beautiful uninhabited place. I took my bath and
drank the water from a nearby pond. I felt comforted. Body and mind became light. I
remembered the good words the holy men had preached in the ashram. I sat under a people
tree contemplating on God."
"Many years passed by. I lived on the fruits and leaves of the forest. My mind was
immersed in contemplation. As time passed, I realized that God is present everywhere and
in all objects. One day I saw a brilliant flash of divine light. I saw that the Lord was
standing before me. His magnificent form thrilled me. Everything else looked meaningless.
I was over- whelmed. I began to wander everywhere. I longed to see that divine form again.
Then I heard a divine voice: 'you will not see me once again in this birth. I do not
appear before people who have not rid themselves of desire and anger. As you have seen me
once, your devotion for me will now become more steadfast, especially since you keep
company with good men. In your next birth you will be one of my close attendants.'"
"I felt somewhat relieved after I heard that voice. I felt a surging spirit of
renunciation. The world appeared to be pervaded by the Lord. There was no trace of ego in
me. I remained loosely attached to that body for a while like a drop of water on a
lotus-leaf. Once, while I was in deep meditation, I
felt as if I was touched by a divine light. Immediately I cast away my body. Then the
deluge came. I along with all the living creatures became absorbed in the body of the
"Some time after the deluge, new creation began. Out of the navel of Lord Narayana
came Brahma. He engaged himself in the work of creation, in accordance with the Lord's
command. Then Brahma created Marichi, Atri and the other eight Prajeshwaras. I happened to
be one of them. Vyasa, I became Narada thanks to the blessings of the Lord. I am wandering
round the world singing the glory of the Lord accompanied by this Veena Mahati. It has
since then been my aim to convert people into the Path of Devotion (Bhakti) and Piety. In
the future Kaliyuga, the chanting of the Lord's name will bring greater reward than
performance of sacrifices. The Path of Devotion is the easiest and best. The mind becomes
steady, cleansed of passions like greed and anger. Knowledge can be attained only when the
mind becomes pure. Of course you are aware of all these things. I therefore ask of you to
compile a book setting out the greatness of Devotion (Bhakti) and the glory of God. I
shall narrate to you the ideas of Vedanta, which Brahma has taught me briefly. Let this be
the basis of your great work. That book will make people happy and will bring
mental peace to you."
And then Narada communicated to Vyasa the secrets of Vedanta. Vyasa composed the Bhagavata
deriving inspiration by Narada.
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